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Strengthening Somaliland Institutions

Monday April 13, 2015 - 01:28:42 in Maqaallo by Editor Caynaba News
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    Strengthening Somaliland Institutions

    Somaliland gained its independence on 26th June 1960 from Great Britain, and recognized by more

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Somaliland gained its independence on 26th June 1960 from Great Britain, and recognized by more

countries as an independent state, however, unfortunately, five days later, the country united with their counterpart in the south to make a strong Somali republic. The reasons behind this rapid union is that, since Somaliland was the first territory who gained independence, obviously to seek missing territories inhabited by Somalis, became a sacred duty. It must search the other parts to make it a reality - what we call Great Somalia.

 Some people thought that the union of Somaliland with Somalia is just unification between Hargeisa and Mogadishu only; but the main objective was much wider than that.

It was to unite, firstly, the two independent states and then encourage the other three territories to struggle for their independence.

Consequently, the whole Somali community becomes fully independent; making the Great Somalia, under five-starred flag.

Unfortunately, the dream of Somaliland was cut short when the brothers from the south did not support the noble cause.

As there had been no official contract, or agreement; the southerners abused the trust and confidence entrusted upon them, by empowering themselves to allocate all higher governmental positions among themselves leaving for the northern literally nothing worth mentioning it.

 They did this by taking all high ranking positions in the government instead of sharing equally with Somalilanders.

As consequence of injustice and suppressions; somalilanders were disappointed about the unity; and therefore, several attempts of military mutiny and civil arrest occurred, particularly military coup in 1961 took place headed by young officers, led by Lt. Hassan Kayde.

Somalilanders also, refused the Somali constitution, which was fraudulent and sham as we all know; e.g in Walla-Weyn, they said 100,000 citizens, a village inhabited by 5000 people.

It was all in vain. Furthermore, in 1969 Siyad Barre made a military coup that initially yielded  positive progress build some hope in hearts of Somali people , but all became worse in 1980s when   his hostility increased by harassing the Somaliland people who were behind the unity of Somali republic. And this was the beginning of the fall of Somali republic, and death of Somali union idea which was brought by Somaliland people.

 It was from that point that Somaliland decided to concentrate on making its own life independently and on 18th May 1991 Somaliland regained its independence.

Though Somaliland has been independent for 24 yrs and truly, there are some progress comparing to Somalia; though it could have done much better progress within the elapsed 24 yrs.

Here one can ask himself, why Somaliland failed to attain significant development. The questions can go on and on, but I will focus on one subject: Somaliland institutions which are the pillars of nation building:

Taxations: in a short, can be defined: as a prime tool government collect revenue and finance their programs byimposing taxes on citizens and corporate entities.

 It is wide but I didn’t come here to teach what taxation really is, but expressing my view on this system in Somaliland. Everyone knows that without tax the government almost cannot exist.  Our taxation system has two main problems that are leading to its ineffectiveness. These are misunderstandings between the tax payers and tax collectors, and increased corruption in the system.  The government must build trust among its people and guaranteeing for them that their money is going to be used in the rightful way. The govt should advocate strongly corruption will be eliminated in governments. This can be done by establishing an institution that is responsible for collecting taxes and liable to any misuse of it, anti corruption law should also be strengthened.

 Public infrastructure: should be established, like water sources, health facilities, schools and so on. This will built trust among the people of Somaliland about were their money goes. On the side of the tax payer, people have to trust their government and be responsible for the well being on their country.


Local governments: An administrativebody for a small geographic area, such as a city, town, county, or state.

 Local government officials are those who are always in touch with the citizens. Which means the local governments can either lead the country to development or the other way around, some somalilanders believe that local governments are responsible for covering their costs, like collecting rubbish, cleaning drainage and others. My friend that is not the way it is; the local governments make sure that you live the right way you have to.

 Don’t expect any government agent to come and collect the garbage of your home without paying collection fees. You need to learn to understand what taxes you are owed; and citizens are the same.

So local government must set rules and regulations citizens could easily follow and abide by the government rules.

 Remember, government can’t spoon-feed you; everyone has to take his responsibility and make his environment clean and healthy.

Central Bank: A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state's currency, money supply, and interest rates, and sets monetary policy for the country.

  The central bank of Somaliland is not strong as any other central bank in the world should be, due to lack of confidence in their government. Since the bank is the backbone of Somaliland and sole controller of national currency and the economic activity of the country, however, I want to make a point that the central bank is in lack of qualified personnel who would be capable of running the institution to international level.

No one will ever develop our country but us.  We can learn from other highly developing countries which started from bottom – up, with limited resources and now they have reached significant level of development.

 So it is all about organization, commitment and determination that made them reach their goals. So let us follow heir steps and even surpass them in some cases.

At last but not the least, I strongly recommend for Somaliland government, to pay attention to the above mentioned points and prioritize goals; I hope my view; my advice will be helpful to Somaliland government and its citizens at large. May Allah simplify our tasks?

Mr. Abdirahman Mohamoud – an independent researcher 

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